Środowiskowe czynniki ryzyka rozwoju raka pęcherza moczowego
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Department of Urology and Oncological Urology, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland
Studenckie Koło Naukowe Zdrowia Środowiskowego Epidemiologii, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland
Department of Endocrinology, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland
Department of Hygiene, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland
Institute of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, Sosnowiec, Poland
Corresponding author
Fryderyk Menzel   

Katedra i Klinika Urologii i Onkologii Urologicznej Uniwersytet Medyczny im. Piastów Śląskich we Wrocławiu ul. Borowska 213, 50-556 Wrocław tel.: 71 733 10 10
Med Srod. 2018;21(2):43-47
Bladder cancer is a disease characterized by an abnormal growth of cells in the urinary bladder. Potentially, it can infiltrate nearby tissues and metastasize to distant organs. It affects more than 3 million people, with over 430,000 new cases a year. Environmental risk factors have significant impact on the development of bladder cancer, with tobacco smoke being the single most significant risk factor. Arsenic, nitrates, and chlorine in drinking water are also potentially associated with an elevated risk of this disease. In this paper, we review most significant environmental risk factors for primary bladder cancer and analyze prevention methods.
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