RESEARCH PAPER
The relation between concentration of particulate matter PM10 and the number of new cases of type 1 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents in the Pomeranian Voivodeship
 
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1
Zakład Immunobiologii i Mikrobiologii Środowiska, Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu, Gdański Uniwersytet Medyczny. Kierownik: prof. dr hab. med. K. Zorena
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Zakład Medycyny Nuklearnej, Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu, Gdański Uniwersytet Medyczny. Kierownik: prof. dr hab. med. P. Lass
3
Katedra i Klinika Pediatrii, Diabetologii i Endokrynologii, Wydział Lekarski, Gdański Uniwersytet Medyczny. Kierownik: prof. dr hab. med. M. Myśliwiec
 
Med Srod. 2018;21(3):25–27
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
The aim of the study was to investigate the relation between the concentration of PM10 in air and the number of new cases of T1DM in children and adolescents in the Pomeranian Voivodeship in years 2015–2016.

Material and Methods:
Data PM10 in the Pomeranian Voivodeship was obtained from the report of air quality prepared by the Voivodeship Inspectorate of Environmental Protection in Gdańsk. Epidemiological data on the number of new cases of T1DM was obtained from the Department of Pediatric Diabetology and Endocrinology of the Medical University of Gdansk. The number of births in 2015-2016 in the Pomeranian Voivodeship was acquired from the statistical yearbook by the GUS. Statistical analysis of the results was performed with use of the R software: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing.

Results:
In the Pomeranian Voivodship it was shown that the average annual PM10 dust concentration is higher than the annual average concentration acceptable by the WHO. In addition, a higher mean 24h concentration of PM10 (91,63 μg/m3) was detected compared to the permissible concentration of PM10 by both the EU and the WHO (50,00 μg/m3). Statistical analysis showed that in the Pomeranian Voivodeship the number of new cases of T1DM correlated with the annual average concentration of PM10 in 2015 and 2016 (b = 1,418, p<0,001 and b=2,396, p<0,001).

Conclusions:
The results indicated that particulate matter PM10 may be factors promoting occurrence of type 1 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents in the Pomeranian Voivodeship in Poland

 
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