Smartphone addiction among children and youth
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1 Wojskowy Szpital Kliniczny z Polikliniką SPZOZ w Lublinie, Poradnia Podstawowej Opieki Zdrowotnej, Polska
1 Wojskowy Szpital Kliniczny z Polikliniką SPZOZ w Lublinie, Oddział Chirurgii Urazowo-Ortopedycznej, Polska
Szpital Neuropsychiatryczny im. prof. Mieczysława Kaczyńskiego w Lublinie, Oddział VII, Polska
Uniwersytet Medyczny w Lublinie, Wydział Lekarski, Polska
Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski im. Jana Pawła II, Katedra Psychoterapii i Psychologii Zdrowia, Polska
Wojewódzki Szpital Specjalistyczny im. Stefana Kardynała Wyszyńskiego SPZOZ w Lublinie, Oddział Chirurgii Ogólnej, Polska
Corresponding author
Olga Bielawska   

1 Wojskowy Szpital Kliniczny z Polikliniką SPZOZ w Lublinie Poradnia Podstawowej Opieki Zdrowotnej, Aleje Racławickie 23, 20-049, Lublin, Polska
Med Srod. 2023;26(3-4):67-71
Introduction and objective:
In modern society, mobile devices such as mobile phones are in common use. The development of technology has decreased the age of the first contact with this type of devices. „Digital 2021” report shows that 66% of the population use a phone (not necessarily smartphones). This number makes us realize how serious problem smartphone addiction is becoming. The aim of this study is to summarize the current knowledge of phone addiction in children and adolescents. Increasingly, pre- school age is the first time when kids start using these devices. Partly, it is parents’ fault. Due to their own comfort, they allow their children to use technological devices. They do not control the time of usage and the websites their children visit. As a result, mobile phone addiction and its physical and psychological effects are becoming an increasingly serious problem. Literature searched using tools, such as PubMed and Google Scholar in March, April, May and June 2023 were analysed.

Abbreviated description of the state of knowledge:
There are many causes of smartphone addiction. The most important are phone addiction in parents, remote learning, and trying to keep up with trends among peers. Statistically, teenage girls are at greatest risk, but the phenomenon is also very common among boys. This addiction has many effects, both physical and psychological. Frequent back pain, vision problems, obesity, anxiety, insomnia are just the most common of them.

To prevent mobile phone addiction among children and young people screen time should be limited and the first contact with this type of devices should be as late as possible. Constant physical activity is very important to prevent the development of obesity, back problems and other complications.

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