Impact of sedentary behaviour on the development of diseases in children and adolescents – a review of the literature
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Maria Sklodowska Curie Regional Specialist Hospital in Zgierz, Poland
5 Military Clinical Hospital in Cracow SPZOZ, Poland
1 Military Clinical Hospital in Lublin SPZOZ, Poland
The John Paul II Specjalist Hospital in Cracow, Poland
Corresponding author
Dominika Król   

Wojewódzki Szpital Specjalistyczny im. Marii Skłodowskiej Curie w Zgierzu
Med Srod. 2024;27(1):28-31
Introduction and objective:
Sedentary lifestyles are becoming an increasingly serious health problem among children and adolescents. Physical activity recommendations are adhered to by a small percentage, and analysis of data from previous years indicates that the problem will worsen. The aim of the study is to analyze the impact of a sedentary lifestyle on the risk of developing diseases and disorders in developmental age.

Brief description of the state of knowledge:
Among the causes of sedentary behaviour, can be included daily activities that do not require significant energy expenditure. These include spending time on transportation, sitting or lying down, time spent in front of a screen and at the school desk, etc. Factors predisposing to a sedentary lifestyle include lower parental education levels, higher family incomes, no or few siblings, and sleep deprivation. The consequences can include obesity, mental disorders, sleep disorders, postural defects, myopia and poorer social skills. This can lead to many health complications in adulthood. Following the recommendations of leading health organizations can help reduce the problem of sedentary lifestyles and the resulting health consequences.

Sedentary lifestyles among children and adolescents lead to developmental disorders and many diseases. It is therefore necessary to educate the public about the possible dangers of low physical activity. According to numerous studies, sedentary lifestyle is a modifiable environmental factor and its prevention is possible.

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