Czynniki środowiskowe oparzeń u dzieci – przegląd piśmiennictwa
Department of Hygiene, Silesian Piast’s Medical University, Wrocław, Poland
Autor do korespondencji
Agata Kawalec   

Department of Hygiene, Silesian Piast’s Medical University, Wrocław, Poland
Med Srod. 2015;18(3):40-46
Tematyka oparzeń u dzieci wciąż jest aktualna zarówno w krajach rozwijających się, jak i rozwiniętych. Do większości tego typu urazów dochodzi w domu, więc środowisko domowe może odgrywać istotną rolę w ich powstaniu. Ostatnio znaczną uwagę zwrócono na czynniki środowiskowe, takie jak czynniki socjoekonomiczne, w tym rodzinne, oraz warunki życia i ich wpływ na częstość oparzeń. W pracy dokonano analizy piśmiennictwa z kilku ostatnich lat poruszającego temat wpływu czynników środowiskowych na ryzyko oparzeń u dzieci. Przeprowadzone badania wskazują na związek pomiędzy wiekiem, wykształceniem rodziców, liczbą rodzeństwa oraz warunkami mieszkaniowymi a częstością oparzeń u dzieci. Zidentyfikowanie tych czynników ma istotne znaczenia dla planowania działań profilaktycznych.

The problem of burns is relatively a common issue in many developing and developed countries. Most burns occur at home, so the home environment plays an important role in these injuries. Considerable attention has been recently paid to environmental factors such as socioeconomic including family, living conditions and their influence on frequency of burns. This manuscript reviews papers published in the last few years to show if environmental factors influence the risk of burns in children. The researchers point to the relationship between age, education of parents, number of siblings, home environment and the frequency of burns in children. Identification of risk factors plays an important role in planning preventable measures.
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Khandarmaa T.O., Harun-Or-Rashid M., Sakamoto J.: Risk factors of burns among children in Mongolia. Burns 2012;38(5):751-7.
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