PRACA POGLĄDOWA
Nasilenie objawów stresu pourazowego u osób wykonujących zawód ratownika medycznego
Ewa Ogłodek 1  
 
 
Więcej
Ukryj
1
Katedra Psychiatrii Collegium Medicum w Bydgoszczy Kierownik Katedry: prof. dr hab. med. A. Araszkiewicz
AUTOR DO KORESPONDENCJI
Ewa Ogłodek   

Katedra Psychiatrii 85-094 Bydgoszcz, ul. Kurpińskiego19 tel. 669-300-460 lub +48(52) 585-42-60 lub +48(52) 585-42-68, fax: +48(52) 585-37-66
 
Med Środow. 2011;14(3):54–58
SŁOWA KLUCZOWE
STRESZCZENIE ARTYKUŁU
Cel pracy:
Celem pracy była ocena stresu i nasilenia objawów stresu pourazowego (PTSD) w grupie ratowników medycznych.

Materiał i metody:
Badaniu poddano 36 osób pracujących w zawodzie ratownika medycznego (18 mężczyzn, 18 kobiet); średnia wieku 40,9 lat. Ratownicy zatrudnieni byli w SOR/Izba Przyjęć. Grupę kontrolną stanowiło 34 pacjentów (17 mężczyzn, 17 kobiet); średnia wieku 39,6 lat. Osoby badane były za pomocą kwestionariusza ,oceniającego nasilenie stresu pourazowego – Mississippi-C PTSD Scale oraz oceniały atmosferę panującą w miejscu pracy.

Wyniki:
Zaobserwowano istotne zależności między nasileniem objawów stresu pourazowego w badanych grupach ratowników medycznych.

Wnioski:
Istotne stają się działania prewencji zdrowia psychicznego wśród ratowników medycznych.


Introduction:
Background: The purpose of the task was the assessment of stress and the intensification of the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the group of medical rescue workers.

Material and Methods:
The research covered 36 individuals, working as medical rescue workers (18 males and 18 females); average age: 40.9. The medical rescue workers were employed in the Hospital Emergency Department. The control group composed of 34 patients (17 males and 17 females); average age: 39.6 the questionnaires were completed by individuals assessing the intensification of post-traumatic stress, namely Mississippi-C PTSD Scale, and assessed the ambience dominant in their workplace.

Results:
What was observed was significant interdependencies among the intensification of symptoms of post-traumatic stress in case of the interviewed groups of medical rescue workers.

Conclusions:
What becomes import, is to take preventive action in the field of mental health among medical rescue workers.

 
REFERENCJE (20)
1.
Ben-Ezra M., Palgi Y., Essar N. i wsp.: Acute stress symptoms, dissociation, and depression among rescue personnel 24 hours after the Bet-Yehoshua train crash: the effects of exposure to dead bodies. Prehosp Disaster Med 2008; 23(5): 461-465.
 
2.
Gallagher S., McGilloway S.: Experience of critical incident stress among ambulance service staff and relationship to psychological symptoms. Int J Emerg Ment Health 2009; 11(4): 235-248.
 
3.
Potocka A., Merecz-Kot D.: What do we know about psychosocial risks at work? Part II. The analysis of employee’s knowledge of sources and consequences of stress at work. Med Pr 2010; 61(4): 393-411.
 
4.
Trudel X., Brisson C., Milot A. Job strain and masked hypertension. Psychosom Med 2010; 72(8): 786-793.
 
5.
Cafaro G., Sansoni J.: Job satisfaction: a comparative study between public and private practice. Prof Inferm 2010; 63(2): 67-76.
 
6.
Wadsworth E.J., Chaplin K.S., Smith A.P.: The work environment, stress and well-being. Occup Med 2010; 60(8): 635-639.
 
7.
Beaton R., Murphy S., Johnson C. i wsp.: Exposure to dutyrelated incident stressors in urban firefighters and paramedics. J Trauma Stress 1998; 11(4): 821-828.
 
8.
Argentero P., Bruni A., Fiabane E. i wsp.: Stress risk evaluation in health personnel: framework and applicative experiences. G Ital Med Lav Ergon 2010; 32(3): 326-331.
 
9.
David G., Brachet T.: Retention, learning by doing, and performance in emergency medical services. Health Serv Res 2009; 44(3): 902-925.
 
10.
Lowery K., Stokes M.A.: Role of peer support and emotional expression on posttraumatic stress disorder in student paramedics. J Trauma Stress 2005; 18(2): 171-179.
 
11.
Sterud T., Ekeberg Ø., Hem E.: Health status in the ambulance services: a systematic review. BMC Health Serv Res 2006; 3, 6: 82.
 
12.
Avdibegovic E., Delic A., Hadzibeganovic K. i wsp.: Somatic diseases in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder. Med Arh 2010; 64(3): 154-157.
 
13.
Jain S.: The role of paraprofessionals in providing treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder in low-resource communities. JAMA 2010; 4, 304(5): 571-572.
 
14.
Nieuwenhuijsen K., Bruinvels D., Frings-Dresen M.: Psychosocial work environment and stress-related disorders, a systematic review. Occup Med 2010; 60(4): 277-286.
 
15.
Poanta L., Craciun A., DumitrasĢcu D.L.: Professional stress and inflammatory markers in physicians. Rom J Intern Med 2010; 48(1): 57-63.
 
16.
Jonsson A., Segesten K., Mattsson B.: Post-traumatic stress among Swedish ambulance personnel. Emerg Med J 2003; 20(1): 79-84.
 
17.
Siegrist J.: Effort-reward imbalance at workand cardiovascular diseases. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2010; 8: 1-7.
 
18.
Jacobs J., Horne-Moyer H.L., Jones R.: The effectiveness of critical incident stress debriefing with primary and secondary trauma victims. Int J Emerg Ment Health 2004; 6(1): 5-14.
 
19.
Magnusson Hanson L.L., Theorell T., Bech P. i wsp.: Psychosocial working conditions and depressive symptoms among Swedish employees. Int Arch Occup Environ Health, 2009; 82(8): 951-960.
 
20.
Alden L.E., Regambal M.J., Laposa J.M.: The effects of direct versus witnessed threat on emergency department healthcare workers: implications for PTSD criterion. A J Anxiety Disord 2008; 22(8): 1337-1346.
 
eISSN:2084-6312
ISSN:1505-7054