RESEARCH PAPER
Health problems of cyclists in the city – pilot study
 
More details
Hide details
1
Zakład Traumatologii i Medycyny Ratunkowej Wieku Rozwojowego, Uniwersytet Medyczny im. Piastów Śląskich we Wrocławiu
2
Zakład Psychiatrii Konsultacyjnej i Badań Neurobiologicznych, Katedra Psychiatrii, Uniwersytet Medyczny im. Piastów Śląskich we Wrocławiu
3
Studentka, Uniwersytet Medyczny im. Piastów Śląskich we Wrocławiu
4
SKN Zdrowia Środowiskowego i Epidemiologii, Uniwersytet Medyczny im. Piastów Śląskich we Wrocławiu
5
Zakład Propedeutyki Pediatrii i Chorób Rzadkich, Uniwersytet Medyczny im. Piastów Śląskich we Wrocławiu
6
Katedra i Zakład Higieny, Uniwersytet Medyczny im. Piastów Śląskich we Wrocławiu
7
Instytut Medycyny Pracy i Zdrowia Środowiskowego, Sosnowiec
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Remigiusz Chrostek   

ul. Obrońców Pokoju 20d/10 67-200 Głogów tel. 79 122 15 61
 
Med Srod. 2017;20(4):28–33
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Air pollution is one of the main environmental problems. Health consequences of smog exposure apply in particular to people who spend a lot of time outdoors, including cyclists. The aim of the work was to evaluate the occurrence of symptoms associated with air pollution among the Wroclaw cyclists. The study was conducted via an internet questionnaire. The survey group consisted of 599 respondents - Wrocław cyclists. While cycling or short after cycling, 83.14% of cyclists reported symptoms connected with the respiratory system (such as hoarseness, cough, sore throat pain, or dyspnoea), eyes (such as redness, dryness, watering, strain) and othersymptoms (for example, concentration deficiency, headache, fatigue), which they associated with air pollution. Problems with the eyes were the most common. There was no correlation between the frequency of symptom occurrence and the distance or cycling frequency. People who chose low-traffic routes were less likely to suffer from cough, hoarseness, or dyspnoea than people who chose high-traffic routes. Only 9.8% of the respondents used protection measures such as masks. Choosing a proper route and avoiding high-traffic seem to be crucial when it comes to symptom occurrence, and perhaps also to long-term health effects. City councils should plan cycling routes in low-traffic areas to minimize negative smog effects. Protection measures, such as the use of masks, should also be more actively promoted.
 
REFERENCES (11)
1.
International Agency for Reaserch on Cancer: Outdoor air pollution a leading environmental cause of cancer deaths, 2013, press release N° 221.
 
2.
Kessler R.: Prevention – air of danger. Nature, 2014; (509): 62-63.
 
3.
Fuks K., Moebus S., Hertel S., et al.: Long-term Urban Background Particulate Air Pollution, Traffic Noise, And Arterial Blood Pressure. Environ Health Perspect. 2011; 119(12): 1706-1711.
 
4.
Mills N.L., Donaldson K., Hadoke P.W., et al.: Adverse cardiovascular effects of air pollution. Nat. Clin. Pract. Cardiovasc. Med. 2009; 6(1): 36–44.
 
5.
Raport Najwyższej Izby Kontroli, LKR-4101-007-00/2014, Nr ewid. 177/2014/P/14/086/LKR.
 
6.
Strak M., Boogaard H., Meliefste K., et al.: Respiratory health effects of ultrafine and fine particle exposure in cyclists., Occup Environ Med; 2010; (67): 118–124.
 
7.
Weichenthal S., Kulka R., Dubeau A., et al.: Traffic-related air pollution and acute changes in heart rate variability and respiratory function in urban cyclists, Environ Health Perspect, 2011; (119): 1373–1378.
 
8.
Jarjour S., Jerrett M., Westerdahl D., et al.: Cyclist route choice, traffic-related air pollution, and lung function: a scripted exposure study, Environ Health 2013; (12): 14.
 
9.
de Hartog J.J., Boogaard H., Nijland H., et al.: Do the health benefits of cycling outweigh the risks?, Environ Health Perspect. 2010; (118): 1109–1116.
 
10.
McCreanor J., Cullinan P., Nieuwenhuijsen M.J., et al.: Respiratory effects of exposure to diesel traffic in persons with asthma, N Engl J Med. 2007; (357): 2348–2358.
 
11.
Gupta S.K., Gupta S.C., Agarwal R., et al.: A multicentric case-control study on the impact of air pollution on eyes in a metropolitan city of India, Indian J Occup Environ Med 2007; (11): 37–40.
 
eISSN:2084-6312
ISSN:1505-7054