The effect of using magnesia alba on the health of indoor climbing facilities users
More details
Hide details
Zakład Psychiatrii Konsultacyjnej i Badań Neurobiologicznych, Katedra Psychiatrii, Uniwersytet Medyczny im. Piastów Śląskich we Wrocławiu: dr hab. Przemysław Pacan
Zakład Propedeutyki Pediatrii i Chorób Rzadkich, Uniwersytet Medyczny im. Piastów Śląskich we Wrocławiu: dr hab. R. Śmigiel prof. nadzw
Zakład Traumatologii i Medycyny Ratunkowej Wieku Rozwojowego, Uniwersytet Medyczny im. Piastów Śląskich we Wrocławiu: prof. dr hab. J. Godziński
Studentka, Uniwersytet Medyczny im. Piastów Śląskich we Wrocławiu, Wydział Lekarski
SKN Zdrowia Środowiskowego i Epidemiologii, Uniwersytet Medyczny im. Piastów Śląskich we Wrocławiu, Wydział Lekarski
Katedra i Zakład Higieny, Uniwersytet Medyczny im. Piastów Śląskich we Wrocławiu: prof. dr hab. K. Pawlas
Instytut Medycyny Pracy i Zdrowia Środowiskowego, Sosnowiec: prof. dr hab. K. Pawlas
Med Srod. 2018;21(1):50-54
Climbing is becoming an increasingly popular sport. Therefore, indoor climbing facilities are also frequently visited. To improve friction between the hands and the holds, athletes apply magnesia alba [Mg5(OH)2(CO3)4] on their hands. It is available in various forms. The most commonly used form – powdered – is stored in a bag attached to the waist. Unfortunately, a lot of dust gets into the air during its application. Although data on the harmfulness of the compound itself is not entirely clear, there are reports of a deterioration in the function of the respiratory tract due to magnesium dust suspended in the air. Therefore, methods of reducing the pollution of climbing objects were sought. One of them is certainly the replacement of the powdered form of magnesia with its liquid form (suspension in ethyl alcohol). Because of the constant exposure of the skin to magnesium hydroxycarbonate, its impact on the user’s health has also been analyzed. It has been shown that the effect of magnesium dust at the cellular level can lead to skin pigmentation changes. A separate issue raised in the study is the influence of magnesium on the course of atopic dermatitis. The need for further research has also been underlined, as it may provide new information on the effects of magnesium on atopic skin as well as on the development of contact allergy. Another problem is the increased risk of colonization of magnesia bags by pathogenic microorganisms. In view of that, the study highlights the importance of respecting the rules of personal hygiene in the prevention of infections that threaten people practicing sports climbing.
1. 2 dostęp z dnia 15.03.2018 r.
Li F.X., Margetts S., Fowler I.: Use of 'chalk' in rock climbing: sine qua non or myth? J Sports Sci 2001; 19(6): 427-432.
National Center for Biotechnology Information. PubChem Compound Database; CID=9865481, https://pubchem.ncbi. (accessed Dec 17, 2017). Compound Database; CID=9865481, https://pubchem.ncbi. (accessed Dec 17, 2017).
Amca A.M., Vigouroux L., Aritan S. et al.: The effect of chalk on the finger-hold friction coefficient in rock climbing. Sports Biomech 2012; 11(4): 473-479.
Kilgas M.A., Drum S.N., Jensen R.L. et al.: The Effect of Magnesium Carbonate (Chalk) on Geometric Entropy, Force, and Electromyography During Rock Climbing. J Appl Biomech 2016; 32(6): 553-557.
Weinbruch S., Dirsch T., Ebert M. et al.: Dust exposure in indoor climbing halls. J Environ Monit 2008; 10(5): 648- 654.
Moshammer H., Shahraki S., Mondel T. et al.: Lung function and dust in climbing halls: two pilot studies. Rev Environ Health 2016; 31(4): 401-407.
Castro A., Calvo A.I., Alves C. et al.: Indoor aerosol size distributions in a gymnasium. Sci Total Environ 2015; 524- 525: 178-186.
Rozporządzenie Ministra Środowiska z dnia 24 sierpnia 2012 r. w sprawie poziomów niektórych substancji w powietrzu (Dz.U z 2012 r., poz. 1031).
Krzeszowiak J., Stefanow D., Pawlas K.: The impact of particulate matter (PM) and nitric oxides (NOx) on human health and an analysis of selected sources accounting for their emission in Poland. Med Środ 2016; 19(3): 7-15.
Int Panis L., Provost E.B., Cost B. et al.: Short-Term Air Pollution Exposure Decreases Lung Function: A Repeated Measures Study in Healthy Adults. J Environ Health 2017; 16(1): 60.
Alves C., Calvo A.I., Marquez L. et al.: Particulate matter in the indoor and outdoor air of a gymnasium and a fronton. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2014; 21: 12390–12402.
Kotsiou O.S., Gourgoulianis K.I.: Fractional exhaled nitric oxide: Signaling lung function changes in obstructive lung diseases. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2018;120(3):340.
Biela M, Domin P, Krzemiński J i wsp.: "Wpływ zapylenia zamkniętych obiektów wspinaczkowych na zdrowie ich użytkowników"- referat wygłoszony na VI Ogólnopolskiej Konferencji ,,Środowisko i zdrowie na Dolnym Śląsku i w Polsce’’ Myślibórz, 12.05.2017-14.05.2017.
Weinbruch S., Dirsch T., Kandler K. et al.: Reducing dust exposure in indoor climbing gyms. J Environ Monit 2012; 8: 2114–2120.
Takano H., Inoue K.I.: Environmental pollution and allergies. J Toxicol Pathol 2017; 30(3): 193-199.
Puri P., Nandar S.K., Kathuria S. et al.: Effects of air pollution on the skin: A review. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2017; 83: 415-423.
Kim J., Kim E.H., Oh I. et al.: Symptoms of atopic dermatitis are influenced by outdoor air pollution. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2013; 132: 495-498.
Kim H.O., Kim J.H., Cho S.I. et al.: Improvement of atopic dermatitis severity after reducing indoor air pollutants. Ann.
Reich A., Szczepanowska J., Szepietowski J.: Znaczenie emolientów w terapii atopowego zapalenia skóry. Dermatol Klin 2007; 9(3):153-156.
Farmer W.S., Marathe K.S.: Atopic Dermatitis: Managing the Itch. Adv Exp Med Biol 2017; 1027: 161-177.
McLaughlin J.B., Gessner B.D., Bailey A.M.: Gastroenteritis outbreak among mountaineers climbing the West Buttress route of Denali – Denali National Park, Alaska, June 2002. Wilderness Environ Med 2005; 16(2): 92-96.
Gundacker N.D., Rolfe R.J., Rodriguez J.M.: Infections associated with adventure travel: A systematic review. Travel Med Infect Dis 2017; 16: 3-10.
Brauer S.L., Vuono D., Carmichael M.J., Pepe-Ranney C., Strom A., Rabinowitz E., Buckley D.H., Zinder S.H.: Microbial Sequencing Analyses Suggest the Presence of a Fecal Veneer on Indoor Climbing Wall Holds. Curr Microbiol 2014; 69:681–689.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top