Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and pesticide residues in birch tree sap from an agricultural area
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Katedra Inżynierii Produkcji Rolno-Spożywczej, Wydział Biologiczno-Rolniczy, Uniwersytet Rzeszowski; kierownik Katedry: prof. dr hab. inż. S. Sosnowski
Małopolskie Centrum Monitoringu Żywności, Katedra Technologii Gastronomicznej i Konsumpcji, Wydział Technologii Żywności, Uniwersytet Rolniczy w Krakowie; kierownik Katedry: prof. dr hab. inż. E. Cieślik
Zakład Botaniki, Pozawydziałowy Zamiejscowy Instytut Biotechnologii Stosowanej i Nauk Podstawowych, Uniwersytet Rzeszowski; kierownik Zakładu: dr hab. Ł. Łuczaj
Zakład Ekotoksykologii, Pozawydziałowy Zamiejscowy Instytut Biotechnologii Stosowanej i Nauk Podstawowych, Uniwersytet Rzeszowski; kierownik Zakładu: dr hab. S. Sadło
Corresponding author
Maciej Bilek   

Katedra Inżynierii Produkcji Rolno-Spożywczej Wydział Biologiczno-Rolniczy Uniwersytet Rzeszowski ul. Zelwerowicza 4, 35-601 Rzeszów tel. 663-196-847
Med Srod. 2017;20(1):17-26
Tree saps are tapped in early spring, both by individual consumers for direct consumption, and as a raw material for the production of beverages by the food industry. In Poland, for centuries and today, the most common has been birch tree sap - the source of nutrients. As a result of the developing civilization, which destroys natural environment, there is an increasing risk of contamination of tree saps by harmful substances. The objective of this work was to estimate the presence of 13 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and residues of 48 chemical plant protection products in spring saps.

Material and Methods:
Birch tree sap was tapped from 20 silver birch trees (Betula pendula Roth.) that grow in a agricultural area in the south-east part of Poland. The presence of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and residues of chemical plant protection products was examined using GC/MS technique.

Birch sap analysis revealed trace amounts of methiocarb, propoxur, carbaryl, parathion and 4,4’-DDD in the samples. So called light PAHs, that is, fluorene, phenanthrene, pyrene, chrysene, and in individual cases: anthracene, benzo[a]anthracene and acenaphtylene were also found in the sap.

Taking into account the standards, fresh birch saps tapped from trees growing in the agricultural area do not pose any health risk for consumers, although serious health risk should be expected in the case of birch sap collected from areas of intense anthropopressure

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