RESEARCH PAPER
Knowledge of young Polish women of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and cervical cancer prevention
 
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1
Students’ Scientific Club at the Department of Infectious Diseases, Liver Diseases and Acquired Immunodeficiencies Wroclaw Medical University, Poland
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Department of Infectious Diseases, Liver Diseases and Acquired Immunodeficiencies, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland Head of the Department: Prof. B. Knysz, MD, PhD
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Martyna Biała   

Students’ Scientific Club at the Department of Infectious Diseases Liver Diseases and Acquired Immunodeficiencies Wroclaw Medical University, Poland ph. 508 838 806
 
Med Srod. 2015;18(1):34–37
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
HPV infection is the most frequent sexually transmitted disease and a major epidemiological problem in the world. HPV 16 and HPV 18 are responsible for over 70.0% cases of cervical cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge of young women concerning HPV infection as well as possibilities of cervical cancer prevention. Moreover, the study had to determine which groups of young women especially required educational campaigns.

Material and Methods:
The questionnaire survey was carried out among 126 young Polish women aged 18–35. The results were statistically analyzed.

Results:
The survey found that 41.3% women had heard about HPV before interview. Nearly 38.5% of women correctly indicated the occurrence of cancer which is associated with HPV infection. About 23.0% of women received a vaccination against HPV, only 19.2% of women correctly identified who should be subjected to vaccination. The best knowledge about cervical cancer and disease prevention was manifested among female university graduates and groups living in urban areas. Those women also more often underwent cytological screening.

Conclusions:
Educational campaigns should particularly include group of women living in the rural areas and women with primary and secondary education.

 
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