RESEARCH PAPER
Chemical pollution of environment in the cities of Central Siberia: risk for the health of the population
 
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State Pedagogical University named after V.P. Astafiev, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Ludmila Klimatskaya   

Lenin Street 118-37 Krasnoyarsk 660017, Russia
 
Med Srod. 2015;18(1):12–17
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
This article will deal with environmental pollution in cities including the problem of risk assessment. The aim of the study is to determine carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risks for the health of the population due to chemical contamination of air, water and food in the cities of the Krasnoyarsk region.

Material and Methods:
The research was conducted in the Center of Hygiene and Epidemiology in the Krasnoyarsk region. 5122 samples of air, 4863 samples of water and 6915 samples of food stuff have been analyzed. Concentration of chemical substances was the base on which individual carcinogenesis risk (ICR) and population carcinogenic conventional risks (PCCR) and non carcinogenic risks [1] have been calculated. In the industrial cities chemical pollution of air, water and food stuff including carcinogenic substances creates carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risks of morbidity of the population with the reinforcement of the complex impact, “with” which greatly exceeds the maximum acceptable risks.

Results:
Chemical pollution of environmental facilities in cities of the Krasnoyarsk region produce complex carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risks which exceed maximum limit. The greatest shares in structure of complex carcinogenic risks are made in food stuff and water consumption in structure of complex non-carcinogenic risks as a result of air pollution and food stuff pollution.

Conclusions:
Obtained data could be used to set priorities in preventive measures to preserve health of the population in industrial cities of the Krasnoyarsk region.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
staff of the Medical Service of the Krasnoyarsk Territory for the material.
FUNDING
Federal Service for Supervision of Consumer Rights Protection and Human Welfare.
 
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ISSN:1505-7054