Environmental exposure to vinyl chloride
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Instytut Medycyny Pracy i Zdrowia Środowiskowego Dyrektor: dr n. med. P. Brewczyński
Henryka Langauer-Lewowicka
41-200 Sosnowiec skr. poczt. 115 tel. 32 292 49 65 (dom) 32 266 08 85-9 w. 200 (praca)
Med Srod. 2010;13(3):7–10
Vinyl chloride (VC) monomer is a wellknown carcinogenic and mutagenic substance causes liver damages, angiosarcoma of the liver, acro – osteolysis, sclerodermalike changes in workers chronically exposed to this gas. There are following VC emitors to the environment: VC production plants, polymerization facilities and planes where polyvinyl products are fabricated. Because of that, the general population is coming into VC contact through polluted air, food and water. VC concentration in all mentioned sites is very low, often not detectable. There was found any health risk for the general population. The VC air concentration in the vicinity to antropogenic emitors is always higher. Such a situation may causes undesirable health effect for residents living in the neighbourhood. Epidemiological studies are performed to detect the adverse VC effect in selected cohorts. Non of the study did not confirmed cases of angiosarcoma among residents living near a vinyl chloride sites. VC production is growing permanently, so VC emission will be higher. Because of that health monitoring of general population and especially of selected groups seems to be necessary in the future.
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