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REVIEW PAPER
Analysis of wastewater as a new approach to determine the amount of drugs intake by local communities. A review
 
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Zakład Szkodliwości Fizycznych, Fizjologii Pracy i Ergonomii, Instytut Medycyny Pracy i Zdrowia Środowiskowego Dyrektor Instytutu: dr n. med. P.Z. Brewczyński Kierownik Zakładu: dr n. przyr. S. Marzec
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Marta Boroń   

Instytut Medycyny Pracy i Zdrowia Środowiskowego ul. Kościelna 13, 41-200 Sosnowiec tel. 32 266 08 85, wew. 295
 
Med Srod. 2014;17(3):62–68
 
ABSTRACT
Qualitative and quantitative analysis of wastewater in terms of the amount of illegal drugs and their metabolites is a modern method of research, which is considered to be an objective and effective way to determine the amount of substances taken and excreted by humans. The results obtained in a real time allow for a quick identification of the quantitative and qualitative changes of the drugs intake. Such approach allows to estimate the daily intake of the drug by the local communities in terms of cities, countries and even the continent. Most often the estimation refers to the intake of the following drugs: cocaine, amphetamine, methamphetamine, ecstasy and cannabis. The wastewater`s monitoring provides information on the dynamics of the drug level changes depending on the weekday, and the general trend in a year. Retrospective estimation of drug intake carries errors, dependent from sampling, sewer system tightness, the stability of the analytes and mixtures of the wastewater itself but remains objective by providing very valuable information for the institutions struggling with drug crime.
 
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