Introduction and objective:
Viscerocranial fractures may have different aetiology. Injuries in agriculture, both those related to typical farm work and those caused by animals, are also important. The aim of this study was to analyse the causes and types of craniofacial fractures in patients who were treated for injuries suffered at work related to animal husbandry.

Material and methods:
The study was conducted on patients of the Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Poznań University of Medical Sciences, Poland, who were hospitalised between 1 January 2014 and 31 December 2019. The study was conducted only on patients with extensive craniofacial injuries, which are a significant clinical problem, require surgical treatment, and involve the highest risk of complications.

Between 1 January 2014 and 31 December 2019 17 patients with extensive injuries related to animal husbandry were hospitalised at the Department and Clinic of Maxillofacial Surgery, Poznań University of Medical Sciences. The patients suffered animal-induced craniofacial fractures – two of them fell off a horse, the other fifteen were kicked by an ungulate animal. Seven patients suffered fractures in the middle level of the face: the zygomatic bone, the maxilla, and the orbital bones. These were the most common injuries. Six patients had fractures in the lower level of the face (mandibular fractures only). Two patients suffered injuries in both the middle and lower level of the face.

Injuries induced by large animals are relatively rare. Most of the patients analysed in our study suffered their injuries as a result of being kicked by a horse, which mostly inflicted fractures of the middle level of the face. Craniofacial injuries may cause serious complications due to the anatomical and functional complexity of this part of the human body.

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