PRACA ORYGINALNA
Wpływ pojedynczej dawki paracetamolu i/lub N-acetylocysteiny na szczury przewlekle eksponowane na trichloroetylen. II. Wpływ na wątrobowy poziom glutationu
 
Więcej
Ukryj
1
Department of Histology, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice Head of Department: Ryszard Wiaderkiewicz MD, PhD, associated professor
2
Department of Proteomics, Medical University of Silesia, Sosnowiec Head of Department: Prof. Andrzej Plewka MD PhD
3
Department of Toxicology, Medical University, Poznań Head of Department: Prof. Jadwiga Jodynis-Liebert PhD
AUTOR DO KORESPONDENCJI
Danuta Plewka   

Department of Proteomics Medical University of Silesia, ul. Ostrogórska 30, 41-200 Sosnowiec tel./fax +48 32 364-14-40
 
Med Srod. 2012;15(3)
 
STRESZCZENIE ARTYKUŁU
Wstęp:
Cechą współcześnie występujących zagrożeń, zarówno środowiskowych jak i zawodowych jest narażenie łączne, wielokrotnie prowadzące do nieprzewidzianej odpowiedzi biologicznej organizmu, wynikają-cej między innymi z oddziaływań na układ cytochromu P450 biorący udział w biotransformacji trichloroetylenu i paracetamolu. Hepatotoksyczność paracetamolu jest między innymi ściśle związana z wątrobowym poziomem glutationu. W terapii zatruć ostrych paracetamolem zalecane jest podawanie N-acetylocysteiny jako czynnika ochraniającego poziom GSH w komórkach.

Materiał i metody:
Badania wykonano na szczurach, które traktowano trichloroetylenem, paracetamolem i/lub N-acetylocysteiną. W wątrobie szczura oznaczano poziom całkowity glutationu, tj. formę zredukowaną i utlenioną.

Wyniki:
Paracetamol tuż po zakończeniu ekspozycji negatywnie wpływał na poziom glutationu. Trichloroetylen przez cały czas obserwacji stymulował wzrost poziomu glutationu w wątrobie. N-acetylocysteina nie miała żadnego wpływu na poziom badanego tripeptydu.

Wnioski:
N-acetylocysteina usuwała negatywny wpływ paracetamolu, szczególnie wtedy, kiedy podano ją z 2-godzinnym opóźnieniem. Po narażeniu na trichloroetylen natychmiastowe podanie N-acetylocysteiny niosło za sobą wyraźnie obniżenie poziomu glutationu. Narażenie łączne na trzy oceniane ksenobiotyki


Background:
Feature of modern existing hazards both environmental and occupational is cumulative exposure often leading to unexpected response of the organism resulting, among other things, in interactions with cytochrome P450 system involved in biotransformation of trichloroethylene and paracetamol. Hepatotoxity of paracetamol is closely connected with hepatic glutathione level. „In therapy of acute paracetamol poisoning application of N-acetylcysteine as a factor, which protects GSH level in cells, is recommended.”

Material and Methods:
Tests were performed on rats which were treated with trichloroethylene, paracetamol and/or N-acetylcysteine. In rat liver total level of glutathione was determined i.e. reduced and oxidized form.

Results:
Paracetamol just after completion of the exposure affected the glutathione level. Trichloroethylene throughout the period of observation stimulated growth of glutathione level in liver. N-acetylcysteine didn’t have any influence on the level of investigated tripeptyde.

Conclusions:
N-acetylcysteine removes negative effect of paracetamol especially when it’s applied with 2-hour delay. After exposure for trichloethylene immediate application of N-acetylcysteine caused noticeable lowering of glutathione level. Cumulative exposure for three xenobiotics had positive influence for glutathione level in rat liver.

 
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