REVIEW PAPER
Fluorosis in humans and animals
 
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1
Katedra i Zakład Stomatologii Zachowawczej i Endodoncji, Pomorski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Szczecinie, al. Powstańców Wielkopolskich 72, 70-111 Szczecin, Polska Kierownik: Prof. dr hab. n. med. J. Buczkowska-Radlińska
2
Katedra i Zakład Biologii i Parazytologii Medycznej, Pomorski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Szczecinie, al. Powstańców Wielkopolskich 72, 70-111 Szczecin, Polska Kierownik: Prof. dr hab. n. biol. E. Kalisińska
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Mirona Palczewska-Komsa   

Katedra i Zakład Stomatologii Zachowawczej i Endodoncji, Pomorski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Szczecinie, al. Powstańców Wielkopolskich 72, 70-111 Szczecin, Polska
 
Med Srod. 2015;18(4):57–61
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Fluorine compounds occur quite commonly in nature. They are exist in water, in soil, in geological decks, in living organisms. On human and animal bodies can influence moderately preferably or more often unfavorably. The deficiency or excess of this element results in undesirable effects in hard tissue, nervous tissue and other organs. Due to adverse effect of this element to a living organism it comes to fluorosis. The aim of the study was to determine the influence of the toxic effect of fluoride compounds on the human and other vertebrate animals depending on the time and dosage F - and the type of tissue and / or organ on the basis of the scientific literature. On the basis of the available publications, it was revealed that F - toxicity substantially depends on time and dose exposure on these element. Chronic fluorosis, more often than acute is observed in human and animals. Biological factors (including species differences) susceptibility, metabolic activity of tissue and environmental factors can accumulate, which increases probability of F - toxicity for living organisms.
 
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