Biochemical and physiological effects of phenols on human health
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Uniwersytet Śląski, Katedra Biochemii. Kierownik Katedry: prof. dr hab. S. Łabużek
Urszula Guzik   

Uniwersytet Ślaski, Katedra Biochemii ul. Jagiellońska 28, 40-032 Katowice tel. 32 2009 576, fax. 32 32 2009 361,
Med Srod. 2011;14(1):105–111
Introduction of phenol compounds into environment results from human activities.. Moreover plants produce polyphenols as by products of metabolism Their influence on human health is very important. It is observed, that polyphenols found in groceries are the most abundant dietary antioxidants, anti-inflammatory, anti allergic, antiarteriosclerotic and antitumour factors. Alkylphenols, chlorophenols, nitrophenols or biphenyls can be toxic for body systems and because of their similarity to ligands of steroid receptors they can influence the activity of endocrine system. Their appearance in organisms enhances the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, cancer, problems with fertility. Moreover strong genotoxic activities of these compounds is observed. Because they influence human health in many different ways continuous monitoring of phenols content in environment seems to be very important.
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