RESEARCH PAPER
The impact of the environmental and socio-economic factors to the occurrence of symptoms and diseases of the respiratory system in school children from Sosnowiec
 
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1
Zakład Zdrowia Środowiskowego i Epidemiologii, Instytut Medycyny Pracy i Zdrowia Środowiskowego w Sosnowcu p.o. Kierownika Zakładu: prof. dr hab. n. przyr. J. Kwapuliński Dyrektor Instytutu: dr n. med. P.Z. Brewczyński
2
Zakład Zdrowia Środowiskowego, Wydział Zdrowia Publicznego, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Magda Skiba   

Instytut Medycyny Pracy i Zdrowia Środowiskowego, Zakład Zdrowia Środowiskowego i Epidemiologii, 41-200 Sosnowiec, ul. Kościelna 13 tel. 32 634 11 04
 
Med Srod. 2012;15(4):39–44
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Background:
Objective of the study was to assess the impact of environmental and socio-economic factors to the occurrence of symptoms and diseases of the respiratory system in school children from Sosnowiec, based on the questionnaire data

Material and Methods:
The crosssectional epidemiological questionnaire study was performed in the years 2005–2006. Parents of 709 primary school children aged 7–12 years took part in the study. Questionnaire was completed by parents to collect information on children health status, particularly respiratory symptoms, chronic diseases of respiratory system, allergic diseases, use of medical services, children dietary habits and family socio-economic status.

Results:
In the study group the statistical significance was found for the inci-dence of respiratory symptoms in children and housing conditions, i.e.: the number of people sleeping together with a child in the same room and dampness in the dwelling. Results of the study showed, that incidence of whizzing differed statistically significantly in the groups of different professional status of the parents. It is difficul to estimate if this is only the influence of socio-economic conditions or any other environmental factors as well.

Conclusions:
Results of the study demonstrated statistical significance between the status of respiratory system in children and housing occupancy rate (the number of people sleeping together with a child in the same room) and dampness in the dwelling. Relation between respiratory symptoms in children, parents education and professional status was analyzed, but findings of the conducted studies do not give explicit evidence of such a relation.

 
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