LIST DO REDAKCJI
Palenie tytoniu – rozpowszechnienie i główne kierunki badań
 
Więcej
Ukryj
1
School of Pharmacy with the Division of Laboratory Medicine in Sosnowiec; Students’ Research Group at the Department of General and Inorganic Chemistry; Medical University of Silesia;
2
School of Pharmacy with the Division of Laboratory Medicine in Sosnowiec; Department of General and Inorganic Chemistry; Medical University of Silesia; Head of the Department: Prof. A. Sobczak Ph.D.
3
Institute of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, Department of Chemical Hazards and Genetic Toxicology, Sosnowiec, Poland; Director of the Institute: P.Z. Brewczynski M.D., Ph.D.
 
Med Srod. 2014;17(4):4–18
 
SŁOWA KLUCZOWE
STRESZCZENIE ARTYKUŁU
Palenie tytoniu jest przyczyną śmierci około 5 milionów ludzi rocznie na całym świecie. Wiedza na temat szkodliwego wpływu palenia na zdrowie stała się powszechna w drugiej połowie XX wieku. Jednak na przestrzeni lat przemysł tytoniowy podejmował działania mające na celu utrzymanie starych i pozyskanie nowych konsumentów. Jednym z nich było wprowadzenie na rynek papierosów o obniżonej zawartości nikotyny i substancji smolistych. W ostatnich latach na wielu światowych rynkach pojawiły się urządzenia zwane elektronicznymi papierosami. Zostały one zaprojektowane, jako produkt alternatywny do konwencjonalnych papierosów dostarczając nikotynę w formie aerozolu do organizmu użytkownika. Cieszą się one coraz większą popularnością, na co wskazuje wysoki odsetek ich użytkowników oraz ilość ukazujących się na ich temat publikacji. Obecnie zdania są podzielone i elektroniczne papierosy mają wielu zwolenników jak i przeciwników. Przypomina to sytuację dotyczącą konwencjonalnych papierosów z XX wieku. W pracy zebrano najistotniejsze informacje na temat rozpowszechnienia palenia, jak i informacje na temat działań podejmowanych przez rządy oraz naukowców w celu ochrony zdrowia publicznego. Wiedza ta może być przydatna w nadchodzących latach ze względu na pojawiającą się szeroką gamę produktów takich jak elektroniczne papierosy, zawierających substancję uzależniającą, jaką stanowi nikotyna.

Each year smoking leads to the premature death of over 5 million people around the world. However, the tobacco industry took actions like introducing cigarettes which contain less nicotine and tar aimed at not only maintaining the old clientele, but also attracting a new one. The knowledge of the adverse health effects of smoking became widespread in the second half of the 20th century and changed attitudes towards smoking. In recent years, in many markets in the world a new device representing an alternative to tobacco products was introduced. Electronic cigarettes are designed to deliver nicotine into the respiratory system in the form of an aerosol. They have been gaining more and more popularity, as evidenced by the increase in the percentage of users as well as in the numbers of publications about them. Currently, opinions are divided and the e-cigarette has almost as many supporters as opponents. All this resembles the situation concerning conventional cigarettes in the 20th century. The aim of the study is to gather the most significant information concerning, on the one hand, the spreading popularity of tobacco smoking and, on the other, the research topics undertaken by contemporary scientists, as well as the government actions meant to protect from dangers of nicotine addiction in the 20th and 21st century. New developments of products containing this highly addictive substance call for systematic research in the interest of public health.
 
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