Okolica miejsca zamieszkania a występowanie nadwagi i otyłości wśród mieszkańców: przegląd piśmiennictwa
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Department of Hygiene, Wroclaw Medical University, Wrocław Head: prof. dr hab. n. med. K. Pawlas
Institute of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, Sosnowiec
Anna Kawalec   

Katedra i Zakład Higieny Uniwersytet Medyczny im. Piastów Śląskich we Wrocławiu ul. Mikulicza-Radeckiego 7 50-345 Wrocław tel. 71-784-01-05 fax. 71-784-15-03
Med Srod. 2018;21(1):45–49
The built environment, which refers to human-made or modified features of the physical neighbourhood, such as homes, schools, workplaces, or parks and recreational areas, undoubtedly has a great impact on our lifestyles and health behaviours. The objective of this paper is a review of the literature on the correlations between neighbourhood environment and weight status of local residents. This paper presents factors in the built environment which may be related to overweight and obesity prevalence among local residents, resulting in changes in energy balance and affecting BMI. The focus is especially on the relationship between the distance from home to parks and green spaces and physical activity levels, and between the access to fast food restaurants and BMI status or obesity prevalence among residents. The results of recent studies are inconsistent, primarily because of several limitations and methodological problems, and due to multifactorial and complex relationships between the built environment and lifestyle. However, with the still unsolved problem of the increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity, even small changes in individual health behaviour may be important and have a positive impact on the reduction in BMI over time. Therefore, all activities aimed at shaping neighbourhood environments in ways which facilitate healthy food choices and create opportunities for as well as encourage physical activity should be supported.
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