REVIEW PAPER
HUMAN ORGANISM FUNCtIONING IN HIGH AltItUdE
 
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Zakład Teorii i Metodyki Pływania, Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego, Kraków
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Zakład Medycyny Sportowej, Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego, Kraków
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Zakład Medycyny Fizykalnej i Odnowy Biologicznej, Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego, Kraków
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Zakład Teorii i Metodyki Sportów Wodnych, Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego, Kraków Kierownik Zakładu Teorii i Metodyki Pływania – dr n. kf. M. Strzała
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Marek Strzała   

Zakład Teorii i Metodyki Pływania Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego ul. Rogozińskiego 12 31-559 Kraków
 
Med Srod. 2013;16(4):90–97
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Staying at high altitude – above 2500 meters above the sea level during dozens of hours causes physiological strain due to hypobaric hypoxia. In high altitude conditions human body is exposed to disorder syndrome called Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) which may be accompanied by life-threatening High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE) and High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE). Besides these and other ailments in such conditions human body is exposed to decrease in physical and mental endurance, the stronger the higher altitude is. The article presents changes connected with decrease in cardiovascular and pulmonary endurance, process of their adaptation and morphological changes affecting energy metabolism. Some aspects of hematological, hormone and enzymatic adaptation influencing enhance in energy metabolism are discussed. Final pages are dedicated to review empirical observations relative to preparations to stay and physical activity at high altitude.
 
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